Author: Scott Johnson
Date: April 20, 2014
Chapter 9: Food and Hunger
Content of the Article: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/04/140420-south-sudan-famine-africa-hunger-war-world/
The problem in the article is the possibility of South Sudan, the world's youngest country, experiencing one of the worst famines in history if farmers fail to plant a significant amount of crops before the annual rains. The players are the humans (more specifically, the government and its leaders) because after suspicions of a coup plot, the leadership of South Sudan split and caused violence that disrupted the planting season and forced people to relocate. The whole country is affected because the fighting is preventing farmers to plant the necessary crops needed to sustain South Sudan's population. Some solutions to the problem are for the country of South Sudan to stop the fighting with one another so people can once again, be able to plant crops without having to worry about bloodshed. Another solution would be for Western countries, like the United States, to donate enough money to reduce and maybe even end the food security in South Sudan. I feel that this article has opened my eyes to famines and the fact that not all famines are the results of nature-they can be man-made: famines can be caused by insurgency, wars, fighting, and chaotic situations in countries. This article is related to AP Environmental Science because in chapter 9, large-scale famines were discussed as well as the desperation of people that have been uprooted from their farms and villages as seen through their killing of livestock to sustain their families, which the article explained in detail: the people of South Sudan are greatly suffering, thousands are dying with an approximate 10,000 people dead and social disruption is only increasing the casualties due to a lack of food. I have learned that if South Sudan doesn't fix its internal problems, it may experience one of the worst famines ever to occur in 30 years, with as many as 50,000 fatalities in the children of South Sudan.